Expedition Illustrations
The French Academy of Science sent a 10-member expedition to the Viceroyalty of Peru in 1735, which was the first scientific expedition to the New World. The French mapmakers went to measure a degree of latitude at the equator in order to answer questions about the exact size and shape of the earth. But as they were the first foreigners that Spain had allowed to travel widely in Peru,  they were eager to explore the flora and fauna of this continent, and in many ways, their expedition to South America was similar in kind to the exploration of the American northwest by Lewis and Clark.

The illustrations here are from works published by Charles Marie de La Condamine and Pierre Bouguer, and two Spanish naval officers who accompanied the expedition, Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa.

Click on a number to view illustrations.